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How to Maintain and clean your solid wooden furniture

Live with wooden furniture and handle it properly! Living with wooden furniture means bringing a piece of nature into your home. And precisely because wood is a natural material, it works and darkens somewhat. This is completely natural and also shows that this is a piece of furniture made of wood and not of MDF boards. It is therefore more a quality feature than a defect.

Living with wood is quite uncomplicated. Especially solid wood furniture is very robust and also easy to maintain if a few points are observed. For example, you should take up spilled liquids with a soft cloth as soon as possible and wipe it dry so that they do not penetrate the wood and cause it to swell or leave unsightly edges. Please also do not place hot pots or coffee pots directly on the table top. That is actually all you need to consider in your everyday life with wooden furniture.

You will see that in everyday life a duster and a moistened rag are sufficient to clean your wooden furniture. You can and should avoid using chemicals, even universal cleaners or washing-up liquid. If the wood is a little more dirty, use some neutral or curd soap instead.

Cleaning wooden furniture – cleaning the wooden table

However, you should handle wooden furniture with care, especially solid wood furniture, after all, these are high-quality natural products that you can enjoy for a lifetime. Prevention is the best care, so please remember:

  • Do not place anything sharp-edged on wooden furniture, even objects where a lot of load presses on a small surface can cause scratches or dents.
  • Hot and wet objects can damage the wood surface. Please remove spilled liquids quickly and do not place anything hot on the wooden table without a coaster.
  • Please only dust with a soft cloth without polish or similar agents, which usually contain abrasive particles. A microfibre cloth is also suitable, preferably one for spectacle lenses, which cleans particularly gently.
  • Do not use commercially available chemical cleaners. If it is absolutely necessary, just use a little neutral or curd soap and a damp cloth and then wipe it dry quickly.
  • Wood reacts sensitively to disturbances in the room climate, so please ventilate regularly and make sure that the room climate is neither too dry nor too humid.
  • Expect the wood to darken, especially in very bright rooms. But this is a completely natural process and not a defect. If you want to keep the light colour tone as long as possible, do not expose your wooden furniture to direct sunlight.

The care of wooden furniture – care of the wooden table

It’s like with humans – to maintain beauty into old age, some care is needed. So even wooden furniture needs a little surface care from time to time. It serves not only to maintain beauty but also to protect the surface. But different surfaces also require different care.

The right care will preserve the beauty and usability of your wooden furniture, but please proceed in a way that is appropriate for the surface of your wood. You will enjoy your wooden furniture for a long time if you follow our basic care tips.

Lacquered wooden surfaces

Wooden furniture with a lacquered surface is the most durable. Here too, cleaning should be done by damp wiping and then rubbing dry. You should avoid polishes or furniture sprays to freshen up the surface. All these agents can attack the lacquer. With all wooden surfaces, make sure to place a bast or felt mat under objects with high point loads such as cake plates on feet, heavy glass bowls, but also radios, TVs or music systems on glides, so that there are no dents, scratches or pressure marks.

Waxed wooden surfaces

Especially solid wood furniture often has a waxed surface. In addition to cleaning by dusting and wiping with a damp cloth, regular care with beeswax care emulsions is required to rub the surface. After drying, polish only with a lint-free soft cloth. If there has been heavy soiling, remove it with a special wax balm cleaner. If this is still not enough, apply the Wax Balm Cleaner on 280 grit sandpaper or on a polishing pad and then rub it out. Then clean the surface with curd soap or vegetable soap and wax it again.

Oiled and leached surfaces

Even with oiled or leached furniture surfaces, simply remove small stains with a damp cloth. Occasionally rub in natural resin or paraffin oils to care for heavily used surfaces such as dining tables. After the oil has been absorbed for a good five minutes, polish with a lint-free soft cloth. If the surface is very dirty and cannot be removed in this way, treat the area carefully with 280 grit sandpaper. Then clean the surface with curd soap or vegetable soap and re-oil it. If more severe damage is found over the years or if the surfaces are heavily worn, clean the surface with curd soap or vegetable soap, sand it down slightly, absorb the sanding dust and re-oil the furniture.

Repair small damages professionally

As is so often the case in the household, it is only a minor inattention, and the mishap has happened. The toy car has left deep scratches on the table, the great birthday party left quite a few edges on the coffee table, the heavy crystal cake plate on the delicate feet has left quite a few dents on the wooden surface and somehow even the hot teapot must have landed not on the teapot warmer but on the solid wood dresser. What now, is good advice expensive, and does an expert have to go and repair the damage? Just to put your mind at rest: Most of the small damages you can repair yourself.

Stain treatment

The tricky part of stain removal is the risk of the stain becoming firmly fixed in the wood or otherwise worsening the damage. With solid wood it is different, if nothing helps anymore, the damaged area can still be sanded down, but please always in the direction of the grain. And this helps against the most important types of stains:

  • Beewax helps against water edges, which you apply thinly, then blow-dry and polish hot.
  • Candle wax should be blow-dried hot until it becomes liquid again, then absorb with a cloth and wipe the surface with a thin solution of vinegar water.
  • Rubber abrasion, for example from toy cars, is best removed with magic dirt erasers.
  • Heat stains from pots or jugs on wooden furniture should also be treated with a hot hair dryer. The wax under the glaze reacts to the heat of the hairdryer and makes the stain disappear.
  • Grease stains can usually be removed with a mixture of water and pipe clay available in the drugstore. Allow this mixture to work for 24 hours and the stain should disappear. If not, repeat the procedure.

Dealing with scratches, dents and pressure marks

Even small repairs can be done by yourself, if you use professional methods. This applies especially to solid wood furniture that is not coloured or varnished. Here, if nothing else helps, sanding can still be done. This applies not only to minor or major mishaps, but also to some everyday damage, such as shoe soles and their rubber abrasion on the table leg. If the eraser method does not help, simply use fine abrasive fleece and sand with the wood direction. This will remove any oil or wax layer, where the damage is usually located. You should restore the surface protection with oil or wax, depending on what your furniture is protected with.

Removal of light scratches in your solid wood furniture

Required:

  1. Sandpaper with different grit sizes (100, 120 and 240)
  2. Steel wool
  3. Cloths
  4. Wood oil
Before

After

Removal of dents and dents in your solid wood furniture

Required:

  1. An iron
  2. Water
  3. A damp cloth

If your furniture has a dent or pressure mark, first try it with a damp cloth that you place on the dent and carefully warm it up with an iron placed on wool. If you are very careful, you can put a towel between the iron and the damp cloth. This will cause the damaged area to come out again. The wax or oil protection should then be renewed. Small, not deep scratches can be reduced by rubbing with a halved nut. Use a walnut for dark wood and a hazelnut for light wood. For solid wood, you can also use abrasive fleece. However, if the damage is a deep scratch, the only solution is usually to use repair wax in the colour of the wood. According to the instructions, use this wax to fill the depression and renew the surface protection.

Wood Specific Care Tips

Oak furniture

You can clean oak furniture without hesitation with a duster, microfibre cloth or a damp cloth. Please do not clean your oak furniture like any other wooden furniture when wet, because then the wood swells. So please always wipe off any spilled liquids quickly. You can find out more about care and cleaning.

Beech furniture

Vous pouvez aisément You can easily wipe beech furniture with a duster, microfibre cloth or a damp, soft cloth. But please only damp and not wet, otherwise the wood will swell. Therefore, always wipe up spilled liquids immediately. For a little care in between, lukewarm cooking or linseed oil is sufficient. Rub in briefly, wait a good hour and then wipe dry. You can find out more about the care and cleaning of beech wood in our care guide.

Teak furniture

Because of its durability, teak is easy to maintain. A damp cloth is suitable for the interior, but teak is also good for spilled liquids.  You can also wash teak wood indoors and outdoors if it is very dirty or clean it with curd soap. If teak furniture in outdoor areas is to retain its colour and not turn silver grey, it should be regularly rubbed with teak oil.

Elm furniture

Elm wood furniture can be cleaned with a dry or slightly damp cloth. More severe stains can be cleaned gently with a little curd soap, if necessary, and at most damp. This also applies to untreated wood. Please do not place hot pots or pots without a coaster on the table. Please remove spilled liquids immediately. This will prevent stains or damage in the first place.

Scotch pine wood furniture

You can easily clean your scotch pine furniture in everyday life with a duster, a microfibre cloth or a slightly damp soft cloth. You are on the safe side if you then wipe the surface dry with a soft cloth. If your pine furniture has untreated surfaces, they should be cleaned dry or wiped with a damp cloth. In this case, careful, immediate dry wiping should follow without fail.

Pine furniture

Untreated pinewood furniture should be cleaned carefully, preferably dry with a duster or, if necessary, only damp with a damp cloth and then carefully wiped dry. For more heavily soiled pine wood furniture, special pine wood cleaners are available from retailers. The soft wood is also susceptible to small scratches, which can easily be removed with abrasive fleece on solid pine wood. Afterwards, and for regular maintenance in general, untreated pine wood should be oiled with linseed oil.

Acacia furniture

Acacia furniture is relatively insensitive to weather influences. Untreated, the hard wood lasts up to 30 years even outside. Even untreated garden furniture can therefore be easily sprayed with a garden hose. Occasional oiling preserves the beautiful colour tone. Although acacia wood is hard, you should take care of your furniture, especially indoors, as its surface will usually be oiled or waxed. In everyday life you wipe dust with a normal duster, spilled liquids can be removed with a damp cloth. This way nothing can damage the surface finish.

Birch furniture

Furniture made of birch wood can be easily cleaned with the duster in everyday life. Since birch is not as sensitive to moisture, it can be cleaned with a damp cloth without hesitation. But you should not clean your birch furniture wet, so that the wood does not swell. Read more about care and cleaning of your wooden furniture in the care guide.

Alder wood furniture

Vous pouvez nettoyer les meubles en bois d’aulne en toute sécurité avec uFurniture made of alder wood can be cleaned without hesitation with a duster, microfibre cloth or a damp cloth. Please do not clean your alder wood furniture like any other wooden furniture when wet, as the wood will swell. So please always wipe off any spilled liquids quickly. You can find out more about care and cleaning in the care guide.

Walnut furniture

Like all wooden surfaces, walnut furniture can be easily cleaned with a duster, even a damp cloth will not harm. But please do not clean your walnut furniture wet under any circumstances and absorb any spilt liquid immediately, as the wood will swell. The light-coloured edges that form on the dark wood are then very visible. You can find out more about the care and cleaning of wooden furniture in our care guide.

Size guide for dining tables – Determine dimensions

You are not sure how to find the right dimensions for your table? Then you are probably also unsure how much space should be reserved for a functional dining table, because chairs and traffic routes are also part of the equation.

In this guide, we give you a few tips on how to determine the correct size and also how to determine whether the dining table with the desired dimensions fits into your personal living situation. Find a large selection of dining tables on our site.

Determine the desired dimensions of your dining table

First of all, think carefully about how many people will be seated at your dining table in normal everyday life. Then take a moment to reflect on how many people come to visit frequently and how large the circle is on average. Now you can use average measurements to determine the table size required for the number of people you wish to have at your table.

Calculate the table size

Dimensions to take in to consideration

In order to determine the table size, we first of all start with the “cover size”. This is the space required per person for a fully laid table with glasses, cutlery and plates. Per place setting we estimate 60 cm table width and 40 cm depth.

If you regularly want to accommodate many people at your rectangular table, the dimensions should be chosen somewhat more generously. Also note the depth of the table. A large table of less than 100 cm depth offers hardly any space for decoration, bowls and plates.

Golden Rule
The necessary table size also depends on the size of the chair. For a first rough estimation, it is sufficient to use the standard size of 45 cm width and 50 cm depth. In order to have some elbow room for eating, you should add a few centimetres more distance if possible, the ideal minimum distance between the chairs is 20 cm.

This gives the following guidelines

Minimum size for squared dining tables

  • Dining table for 4 persons – squared table with a size of at least 80×80 cm
  • Dining table for 6 persons – rectangular table with a minimum size of 180×90 cm
  • Dining table for 8 people – rectangular table with a minimum size of 240×100 cm
  • If the front sides of the table are used, add 20 cm

Minimum size for round tables

  • Dining table for 4 persons – round table with a diameter of 90-100 cm
  • Dining table for 6 persons – round table with a diameter of 120-140 cm
  • Dining table for 8 persons – round table with a diameter of 140-160 cm

Calculate the required area for the dining table

Now you have determined the dimensions that your personal dining table should have so that it meets your requirements. What you now need to determine whether your desired table will also fit in your home is the size of the space needed for this table, the chairs and the traffic routes.

To calculate the space required for your desired dining table, add another 100 centimetres to the table dimensions on all sides of the table, then each guest can move comfortably, get up, sit down and walk behind the other guests. If necessary, every guest can then be served. If main routes such as the way to the kitchen still have to be considered, you should add another 20 cm. If you want the dining table with chairs and traffic areas to be reasonably comfortable, you need these room sizes.

Minimum space requirements for square dining tables

  • Table size 80×80 cm: 280×280 cm
  • Table size 180×90 cm: 380×290 cm
  • Table size 240×100 cm 440×300 cm

Minimum space requirements for round tables

  • diameter 90 cm: 290×290 cm
  • diameter 120 cm: 320×320 cm
  • diameter 140 cm: 340×340 cm
Golden Rule
Of course, in case of emergency you are free to tinker a bit and instead of one meter of space behind the tables, only 80 cm are available. Then it will be a bit tighter, but still manageable. Don’t forget to take into account the actual dimensions of the chairs you are considering.

Consider armrest height for chairs

When choosing chairs with armrests for your dining table, don’t forget to take into account the height of the table, the height of the frame and the height of the armrests. If the armrests of the chairs you want are higher than the legroom under the table, which is the value of the table height minus the height of the frame, the chairs will take up considerably more space in everyday life. They cannot be pushed under the table. However, if this gain in space is important to you, it is better to ask the shop of your choice before you order.